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Hyung (Forms) are a prearranged series of offensive and defensive techniques (blocks, strikes, and kicks) that are performed in a specific pattern.  Forms contain the foundation of any particular art form.  Some literature states that forms were developed to ensure that the most effective methods of a particular individual or style were not lost; and therefore the true meaning and spirit of an art form can be found through the study and understanding of its forms.

The prearranged set of techniques when practiced diligently can support the development of:


More forceful and more effective kicks, blocks, and strikes


Stronger stances and positions
Stances are important in all aspects of the art form – basics, forms, sparring and self-defense


More forceful and more effective sparring techniques


More forceful and more effective self-defense techniques








Awareness of oneself and body


Effective breathing techniques


Ability to shift attention and focus from one place to another


Ability to deal with multiple opponents one after another


Intense focus


Understanding of the principles behind the art form


Understanding of the true meaning and spirit of the art form


Understanding energy and application of energy

The Han Moo Kwan Association Tae Kwon Do classic forms follow a "life".  The first five (known as the Kibon series) reflect early youth; simply figuring out how to move, walk, and learn about your body.  The next set coincides with young adult; quick, flashy, more oriented toward speed and flexibility. As one moves into the upper-level forms, one finds them relating to the wisdom of adult life; they teach force, energy, and intensity.  The last set (known as the Mepojan series) brings students to their elder years, where movements are a bit more conservative, with a lot more focus on energy.

Each form in and of itself also has challenges and insights into Han Moo Kwan for students to discover.  A key for students is once they discover something in one form to apply that discovery to all other forms.  By constantly applying new discoveries to all forms, the students will be constantly relearning the forms and improving them.

The information on forms provided on this website is meant to serve as basic reference material.  Its emphasis is to describe the mechanics for each of the forms and assumes the techniques themselves (ex:  attack punch, low block, double knife-hand, hook punch, front kick, crescent kick, etc.), have already been demonstrated.  This material is not meant to take the place of direct guidance under a certified instructor.

The hyung videos contained within this website reflect the forms as they would be performed by a student after approximately 6 months of practice.  They are only intended as supplemental information, and not comprehensive instructional guides.

The orientation of the stances described in the Text References is based on the previous stance.  Directions are given in degrees either to the left or to the right as shown in Figures 1 and 2.



Figure 1:  Orientation to the Left in Degrees



Figure 2:  Orientation to the Right in Degrees

The numbering to the moves for each form is arbitrary. 

For each form, strikes refer to an offensive arm or leg technique attacking an opponent, blocks refer to a defensive arm or leg technique deflecting an opponent’s attack, and guards refer to an arm or leg position used to discourage an opponent’s attack.  All single arm techniques implicitly assume a reciprocal action unless stated otherwise.

The following convention is used in describing the techniques themselves for each form:  Stance, Direction, Technique.

For all turns, it is assumed that direction of the turn (left/right) implicitly indicates which foot performs the turn unless stated explicitly.



Kibon Series:

Kibon in Korean means basic techniques.  The following five forms of the Kibon series are expected to be demonstrated by all students who are testing at any rank.  These five forms familiarize beginning students with performing forms using the basic techniques and stances.  Each of these forms are executed in an “I” pattern, which is shown in the figure below.  Each of the five Kibon forms are performed such that the combination of techniques is symmetrical about the “I”.  In addition, the turns are such that it allows one to always glance the center of the “I”. 

The goal of the Kibon series is to teach beginner’s how to direct focus and energy in with their physical movements.  Moves are simple and the goal is to focus on these movements.  The Kibon series is a combination of many of the basic techniques and stances in Han Moo Kwan and no additional moves are included other than what is taught in the basics.

The “I” Pattern




Pyung Ahn Series:

Pyung Ahn series contains five forms.  This series is derived from a series developed by Anko Itosu, a master of Okinawan Karate.  The phrase "pyung ahn" is most often translated as "well-balanced" and "peaceful".  Another translation based on the original Chinese characters is “Safe from Harm”.  These forms are taught to Intermediate students. 


Pyung Ahn One Text Reference YouTube Video Video Download
Pyung Ahn Two Text Reference YouTube Video Video Download
Pyung Ahn Three Text Reference YouTube Video Video Download
Pyung Ahn Four Text Reference YouTube Video Video Download
Pyung Ahn Five Text Reference YouTube Video Video Download



Shipsu and No Pe Hyung (Advanced Forms):

Shipsu is expected to be demonstrated by students who are testing as a Brown Belt or above.  Shipsu is all about focused in-power.  Shipsu can also been seen in literature written as Ship Soo or Sip Soo.  Its meaning is "Ten Hands” (i.e., the weapon with the power of ten hands) and is similar to the karate form Jitte, although there are differences.  Its origin is most likely from the Tomari-te school in Okinawa.  This form supposedly represents the bear.

No Pe Hyung is expected to be demonstrated by students who are testing as an Interim Black Belt or above Belt.  No Pe Hyung is a demonstration of power on wood.  This form appears to be derived from the Rohai forms practiced in some styles of karate. The name Rohai translates approximately to "vision of a Crane" or "vision of a heron". The kata originated from the Tomari-te school of Okinawan martial arts. It was called Matsumora Rohai, after Kosaku Matsumora, who was presumably its inventor.  Anko Itosu later took this kata and developed three kata from it: Rohai shodan, Rohai nidan, and Rohai sandan.  No Pe Hyung taught in Han Moo Kwan most closely resembles Matsumora Rohai.


Shipsu Text Reference YouTube Video Video Download
No Pe Hyung Text Reference YouTube Video Video Download



Mepojan Series (Very Advanced Forms):

The Mepojan series are taught to advanced students (Black Belt and above).  In Tang Soo Do, three similar forms to the Mepojan series are called the Naihanji Hyung.  The meaning is knight on a horse.  In Okinawan Karate, these three forms are called Naihanchi and in Japanese are called the Tekki kata, which mean “horse riding saddle”.  Mepojan forms are performed horizontally (side to side) keeping the body level with the goal to minimize torso motion.  It has been postulated that the three Mepojan forms were once one long form and broken into three distinct forms due to its length. 

Mepojan One is expected to be demonstrated by students who are testing as a First Degree Black Belt with a rank of 5.0 or above.  Mepojan Two is expected to be demonstrated by students who are testing as a Second Degree Black Belt or above.  Mepojan Three is expected to be demonstrated by students who are testing as a Second Degree Black Belt or above. 

Currently, no additional information regarding these three forms is available unless requested and provided by a certified Chief Instructor of the Han Moo Kwan Association.

Note:  Videos of the lower-level forms (above) are to be considered the standard for the art form.  They have been carefully reviewed by the instructional staff, and certified for use as training material.  The following three videos are simply an example of how the forms are typically performed, but have not been certified.


Mepojan One Text Reference YouTube Video Video Download
Mepojan Two Text Reference YouTube Video Video Download
Mepojan Three Text Reference YouTube Video Video Download


References used to develop the material on the Han Moo Kwan Tae Kwon Do forms provided on this website include:

  1. Han Moo Kwan Tae Kwon Do Hyung Video Archive
  2. Korean Karate Free Fighting Techniques, Sihak Henry Cho, 1968
  3. Tae Kwon Do Classic Forms, Ted Hillson, 2003
  4. Tang Soo Do – The Ultimate Guide to the Korean Martial Art by Kamg Uk Lee
  5. The Essence of Okinawan Karate-Do by Soshin Nagamine

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